The End.

The global sociological imagination is the “quality, capacity, and alertness of mind to link one’s life, decisions, actions, and indeed life chances locally to the myriad of decisions, actions, and indeed inactions of people in other parts of the world” (Quist-Adade, 2014, p. 45). When coming into this class I had no previous notions about any of the concepts learned and how the power of helping others can affect ones life. With our praxis project, we learn to act locally and think globally. With our fundraising we are accomplishing here, we as a class are able to help out many people around the world. It is the simple task of doing something. This “doing” is changing other people’s lives and giving them a helping hand. In this class, I have come to realize that it is crucial to act locally and think globally. This is because whatever we do here affects other parts of the world. Just as an example, when looking at the 9-11 attacks the entire world was on works for a stronger airport and border security system. This one event had impacted the whole world so drastically that it had changed laws. Just as another example is our praxis project. We as a group have decided to take all of our gatherings and help kids in Ghana do things that they may not have been able to do. It is our act here that is affecting internationally.

When I came into the class I thought of the world social justice. When thinking is this I always believed that some people are not treated as fairly as we are here in Canada. However, as the class progressed I have had thoughts of do the people that I think that are living in a unjust society think that they live in an unjust society? Do they think that we here in Canada live in an unjust society? This class has made me realize that maybe people in other countries do live in a just society however, it is not a just society in our eyes. With this we must be optimistic and welcome other society’s norms as acceptable and not just look at it from the tip of the ice berg but look at the whole society and see their happiness in what they feel is just.

This course in general has been an eye opening experience. Not only has it taught us many things that are key to our society but it has also taught us to help others around the world or just locally. It has made us realize that we can make a difference in the world just as we are doing with our praxis projects. With the funding we gather as a class we are helping others and changing their lives for the better. What it taught myself is that it is never too late to help make a small difference in the world. We are all our own leaders and it is in our power help people in need and change their lives.

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case study analysis

The concept of social injustice “implies the presence or promotion of unfairness, inequity, and/or marginalization in society. Social injustice manifests itself in practices such as discrimination in all forms, oppression and other practices and social structures, which hinder the realization of the full human potential” (Quist-Adade, 2014, p. 35). Social injustice is the unfairness of society. The local connection social injustice has within Vancouver is our homelessness. This is because there is a social unfairness in our society because some people do not have the means to have their full human potential. A global context is the poverty in Africa. This is more so connected to the local example because people in Africa may also not have the means to meet their full human potential.  How these two articles are connect is that both are connected to social injustice. One article about the homeless in Vancouver do not have the right means of a proper living place and the article about African poverty notes that the people in poverty do not have the right food content. There are changes being made in both areas in order to fix these problems.


There has been an increase in homeless people in downtown Vancouver. Some homeless people have been living on the streets since they were young and are addicted to many drugs. In this article, the video shows a man who has been homeless and abusing drugs at a young age. He mentions that his mom use to be an alcoholic while pregnant so alcohol was in his bloods and has been addicted ever since.

However, it is stated that there has been study done that “mentally ill people placed in apartments scattered across the city break the law less and live happier lives compared to those put in hotel-style buildings” (Vancouver sun). This was what gave Vancouver a boost to help the homeless in the downtown region. They have noted that maybe “letting people choose where they live might make them more determined to change” (Vancouver Sun). This would be a good way to help the homeless get back on their feet and also help them out with any addictions or illnesses that they may have.

The people who are affected by this is our downtown society. Sometimes people may find it frightening to walk along the streets where there are homeless people because they do not feel safe.  I believe that this is a good remedy because it will benefit our economy and help people get back on their feet for future goals they may have.


In the Globe and Mail article, To end poverty worldwide, fix African agriculture first, shows how some people in Africa live on $1.25 a day. This is a problem that needs to be solved. This article states that the U.S are trying to help poverty all around the world so that poverty could get better by 2030. The people who would be affected by this would be the people in poverty in Africa.  This is in global context because it affects the whole world is the agriculture is booming then people will be willing to buy crops from all around the world in order to make profit for Africa. This is where the global social imagination comes into play. When Africa is thinking locally on how they could benefit their own continent, they would also be helping the world by providing trades in agriculture. This is a good remedy because not only would Africa be benefiting the whole world would be benefiting from the agriculture.

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case study  October 28 2013 Vancouver Sun: Time to rethink where and how to house Vancouver’s homeless?

Time to rethink where and how to house Vancouver’s homeless?

 Study suggests moving away from traditional SRO model towards individual apartments
By Lori Culbert, Vancouver Sun October 28, 2013

Mentally ill people placed in apartments scattered across the city break the law less and live happier lives compared to those put in hotel-style buildings, according to a national study on homelessness.

The finding is an intriguing one for Vancouver, where the majority of old and new social housing is in single rooms in multi-storey buildings in the Downtown Eastside.

Simon Fraser University Prof. Julian Somers, lead investigator of the Vancouver arm of the national At Home study, said letting people choose where they live might make them more determined to change.

“We don’t ever really ask homeless people: if we could put you in market housing, where would you like to go,” Somers said.

“They can use judgment in selecting a place that is good for social adaptation and health.”

In Vancouver, between 2009 and March 2013, the At Home study put 200 hard-to-house, mentally ill people in apartments throughout the city, 100 in the Bosman hotel downtown, and left 200 on the street as the control group.

The project gave participants a home first and then provided in-depth medical and social support to help them stabilize.

Early analysis of the study results predictably showed those with housing fared better than those on the street who relied much more heavily on emergency services.

But the results also suggest top outcomes for participants living in regular apartments beside other city residents in a variety of neighbourhoods: from the West End to Kitsilano to Grandview-Woodland.

The Bosman hotel on Howe Street housed 100 study participants in rooms similar to most SRO (single room occupancy) social housing buildings in the Downtown Eastside, but offered more extensive in-house medical and support services.

“The (control group) is associated with the worst outcomes, including quality of life,” Somers said. “(The scattered apartments) are associated with the best outcomes and the Bosman is in the middle.”

Compared to Bosman residents, those in the scattered apartments:

• Visited hospital emergency rooms less.

• Had fewer criminal convictions.

• Reported a better quality of life, including safety and living situations.

Somers believes those in the scattered apartments may have been inspired to change while living among everyday people who, generally, were leading healthier and more socially-involved lives.

“People were living in diverse neighbourhoods with standards and norms that had been developed over time. The (Bosman) setting consisted of people who left homelessness at roughly the same time. That may have made a difference,” he said.

But Liz Evans, executive director of the PHS Community Services Society, which manages the Bosman and other social housing buildings, maintained the study’s statistics can be misleading.

For example, she said it is not necessarily a bad thing that Bosman residents used emergency rooms more often because the building is a block away from St. Paul’s Hospital.

“They’ve got a really good relationship with the care providers at St. Paul’s, and they get really quick care and really great outpatient followup because our case managers are working really closely with the people at St. Paul’s,” Evans said.

———————————————————————————————————————————   May 28 2013 The Globe and Mail: To end poverty worldwide, fix African agriculture first

To end poverty worldwide, fix African agriculture first


Contributed to The Globe and Mail

Published Tuesday, May. 28 2013, 7:46 AM EDT

Last updated Tuesday, May. 28 2013, 7:50 AM EDT

The public chorus to eliminate extreme poverty by 2030 now includes U.S. President Barack Obama, World Bank President Jim Yong Kim and Bono. The backdrop is extremely promising since the developing world has already cut the share of people living in absolute poverty – that is, on less than the equivalent of $1.25 a day – by half since 1990. At a consistent rate of progress, the other half could well cross the line in another 20 years too.

But, as my colleague Laurence Chandy and his co-authors recently pointed out, the distance to crossing the absolute-poverty line varies tremendously by region. Most of China has already crossed the $1.25 threshold, and India has a huge share of its population poised to make the leap next. Sub-Saharan Africa has the farthest to go, despite recent progress, since a large proportion of its population still lives so far below $1.25 per day, often at half that level of income.

Most of Africa’s poorest people live on small farms in rural areas, so those places will likely form the final frontier of the global quest to end extreme poverty. Although fast-growing cities have gained attention for their role in fighting poverty, including in the World Bank’s latest Global Monitoring Report, it is increases in rural productivity, especially agriculture, that are typically a fundamental driver of the urbanization process.

There are grounds for optimism. Growing academic evidence highlights agriculture’s unique role in helping to reduce extreme poverty. For example, an important 2011 paper by economists Luc Christiaensen, Lionel Demery and Jesper Kuhl shows that agriculture is roughly three times more effective at reducing extreme poverty than non-agricultural sectors.

There has also been a global renaissance of attention on the need for an African Green Revolution, driven by both public and private investments in a manner that respects local community structures. The World Economic Forum’s Grow Africa initiative, which convened last week in Cape Town, offers a potential high-impact platform, bringing together investors and governments to launch practical joint strategies at scale.

Complementary investments in transport infrastructure, irrigation, farmer credit and input support systems (e.g. for fertilizer and seeds) were essential to Asia’s 20th century green revolutions, which laid the foundation for that region’s subsequent economic breakthroughs. The same basic approach, updated for today’s social and environmental realities, can help to ensure that Africa’s long-term economic success is equally, if not more, robust.

The sooner the process starts, the faster the world gets to the finish line on extreme poverty.

Author: John McArthur is Senior Fellow of the United Nations Foundation and a 2009 World Economic Forum Young Global Leader. A version of this post was published on the World Economic Forum blog.

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Nickel and Dimed (Paraphrast)

“one of the humbling things for me has been that there are no unskilled jobs all jobs take intelligence and skill and their hard”


I believe that this statement is quiet true. As being a pervious server I can relate to this video and know how it is to make hard earned money. People take many things for granted including the jobs that they work for. Being in the serving industry there are many people who treat you unfairly or don’t take you serious. What they do not realize is that every job is a job. Some jobs require more work than others. For example, people see serving as a degraded job rather than working at a bank as a teller. What most people do not realize is how hard these servers work. They are literally on their feet all the time running around taking care of customers. As are bank tellers. The only difference is, a bank teller is not running around both jobs require customer service however a serving job requires more work than others. People need to take things into consideration and look at things in a sympathetic way. In order to realize things, look at things from a different perspective and judge from that perspective. As Barbra realized that all jobs are skilled jobs is how society needs to see jobs.

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Allan Johnson: Priveledge, Power and Difference(Affective)

How I felt about this video was how true everything was about the dominant groups. As a women and being in a “subordinate” group, I can speak for living up to men. This video made me realize dominant groups tend to lead the way. Such as, the “white privileged conference”. This interview made me realize that how the dominant group tends to make the choices and have power over the rest. They are the elite society. It was interesting to hear from him that it is wronged in our society to let “white” people realize that they are “white”. It was stated that it is wronged for the subordinate group to hold up a mirror and make the “whites” realize that they are indeed white. It is a degradation of power to do so. This video made me realize that the subordinate groups cannot degrade the dominating groups. As women we need to obey to men and follow their path. It is up to the subordinate groups to take a stand against the dominant groups to make a difference in today’s society. 

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Chimamanda Adichie: the danger of a single story (dialectic)

What question did the speaker raise?

How did the speaker answer the question?

How does the answer match my own ideas and experiences?

Chimamanda raised the question what happens to a person when they believe a single story?

-she answers this by giving her life experiences

-how she only believed that Edae, the house worker, could only be poor and nothing else

-when going to his house she realized how much they could do

-she also learned from studing in the US

-when questioned on how well she knew English she was amazed that people did not know that people from different parts of the world could indeed speak English


-my experience is with the images of Africa being taught throughout the media.

-I never realized how developed cities in Africa were

-I was amazed when Dr.Quist-Adade showed the class pictures of capital cities in Africa and how developed they really are

-I believed in one story, the story that the media had told about the poverty and children dying.

-this speech made me realize how we should no judge something by a single story rather judge something from our own experiences.


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chapter 3 dialectic

What theme did the text raise?

How was the theme answered?

What are my thoughts and own experiences?

Why is the police force more aggressive in combating street crime than corporate crime?

-the power elite decides who to target

-makes corporate crime seem invisible while street crime dominants

-what is considered a problem is determined by the power elite

-by process of hegemony

-defined as “process of control and domination by the ruling elite through consensus of controlled/cominanted” (Quist-Adade, 2014, p.54)

-creates battle with the elite and non-elite for challenging power

-the power elite does always dominate.

-all we see in the news are more things like street crimes rather than the corporate crimes

-for example, we see in Africa that there are wars going on between countries however nothing is ever said about the African countries helping each other out.

-it is the power elite that wants to see the wars to lure viewers in rather than showing countries helping each other out

-it is the power elite such as media companies which dominant and limit us to what we see

-we never see the good side to these countries rather see the poverty and war going on

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social justice

Chapter 2

Social justice (Affective)


Social justice is the central idea of this course. As stated it is “the relative distribution of rights, opportunities and resources within a given society, and whether it deserves to be regarded as fair and just” (Quist-Adade, 2014, p.10). In other words it is when a society promotes equality and can diminish anything that promotes injustice. It diminishes things like race, gender, class, etc. I believe that this is a very important concept to learn about because it is a main factor in every society. An example in today’s society is when the United States is changing their laws for allowing same sex marriages. It is hard to believe that in todays society people are not allowed to do as they please and not getting their sense of justice. When promoting equal rights, all citizens of the country should approve these rights. When someone is not pleased with one decision, then it is simply not a social just society. If all members of that society are pleased with the laws then it is a just society for all. Therefore, I believe it is a good thing that many countries are changing laws to change this way of law and making it a better a fair place for people to feel equal.  

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Debunking our previous thoughts

Chapter 1

Debunking (paraphrast)


“Debunking is defined as looking at both the obvious and surface-level explanations for social behavior and the less obvious and deeper explanations. The working definitions of the term can be put simply as: ‘what you see is not what you always get’ and ‘appearances are deceptive’. Going beyond the obvious or the façade requires the use of debunking strategy.


I believe that debunking is used when getting the real depth to a meaning of something. It is looking beyond the ‘tip of the iceberg’ and seeing what is underneath that makes it that way. In order to truly understand something we must debunk all previous misconceptions of that thing. For example, to truly understand Africa as a well-developed continent we must debunk all the previous notions we have about it. We must debunk the previous notions of poverty and starvation and look beyond that to see that there are counties with cities like Nairobi that do exist. Cities that have building like the ones here in Vancouver. We must debunk all the negative images media has put out about Africa to see it as a well-developed continent. 

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opening entry

 Hello everyone, my name is Soni Sull-Sandhu. I am born and raised in Surrey. I now am currently starting my third year of university and majoring in general studies. When I first enrolled into university I started off into the accounting program but did not like it at all. My hopes of becoming an accountant were long gone after my first semester. I took a whole bunch of classes and couldn’t decide what to major in specifically so I decided to major in general studies. I have always been interested in many things so general studies have been the best thing for myself. This way I am always learning different things in every class. My career goals are to become an elementary school teacher. After my degree is done I hope to enroll into the PDP program into Simon Fraser University and pursue my dreams of teaching. I had always wanted to work with children but my parents had first persuaded me to try out accounting. My interests in enrolling into this class was because I had taken other sociology classes and found it to be interesting so I wanted to further my studies in sociology. I have always been curious into how society works. Also I have always been fascinated of how the sociology of how the social concepts differ from different societies.. It is interesting to know how the society’s knowledge is actually molded in different cities and countries. My interests are hanging out with my family, learning new things and long outdoor walks. Well I hope you enjoyed a little part of my life☺

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